Vice President for Research
T. Dwayne McCay
This policy applies to all university faculty, staff, students, visitors and volunteers.
Florida Institute of Technology (FIT) encourages and supports open (fundamental) research and the free exchange of ideas; however, it also recognizes the United States (U.S.) as enacting export control laws that control the release of certain information and technologies outside the U.S. and to foreign nationals within the U.S. (deemed export). Export control laws exist to protect the U.S. and its citizens. Export control laws also exist to protect innovations, national security, foreign policy and competitive trade, and to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction.
Although most university activities and research are exempt from export control regulations, FIT engages in activities, research and the development of information and technologies subject to export restrictions. Applying export control laws requires a detailed analysis of covered university activities and research to determine if the export is prohibited or requires a license or other government approval. This policy establishes the procedures that ensure FIT and its employees remain in full compliance.
The U.S. Department of Commerce regulates exports of commercial items with potential military applications (dual-use items) through the Export Administration Regulations (EAR); the U.S. Department of State regulates exports of items and services specifically designed for military applications through the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR); and the U.S. Department of Treasury administers economic sanctions against certain countries, entities and individuals through the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanction and embargo regulations. These regulations control the distribution of strategically important hardware, software and technology items to foreign nationals regardless if they are in the U.S. or abroad. ITAR items are listed on the U.S. Munitions List (USML) and items controlled and restricted by EAR are listed on the Commerce Control List (CCL).
More information on EAR, ITAR and OFAC is found online:
FIT is committed to compliance with federal export control laws, regulations and sanctions. The Office of Research is the designated authority charged with compliance oversight of U.S. export control requirements for sponsored programs, and consulting and unsponsored (unfunded) research activities, and has final authority on such matters. Individuals acting on behalf of FIT are responsible for the proper handling, transfer, access, storage, control and dissemination of export controlled hardware, software, information, technology and technical data to destinations and persons outside of the U.S., as well as to foreign nationals at the university engaged in instruction, conducting research or providing service activities.
The Office of Research is the functional administrative unit charged with the responsibility for oversight of compliance and record keeping of all applicable exports and regulated transactions with sanctioned individuals, entities and countries. FIT personnel are responsible to adhere to the protocols, policies and procedures issued by the Office of Research when export or trade sanction regulations apply and must properly handle export controlled hardware, software, information, technology or technical data by regulating access, use, storage and disposal.
The civil and criminal penalties associated with violating export control regulations can be severe, ranging from administrative sanctions, loss of research funding, monetary penalties and possible imprisonment.
The Office of Research, in concert with other departments and units as necessary, will administer the compliance program that involves:
The Office of Research will assist academic, research and business units and direct support organizations to comply with export and trade sanction regulations on unsponsored activities.
FIT is committed to educating its employees, professors, students, researchers or other collaborators on U.S. export control laws and regulations and their particular application within a university research setting. As part of the university’s ongoing commitment to export control compliance and education, the Office of Research provides online resources at: http://www.fit.edu/research/.
To be exempt from U.S. export controls, the qualifying criteria for research results are established by the U.S. Government and include basic and applied research as follows:
Note: Fundamental research may not apply to some research areas such as WMD and encryption; and as such, no fundamental research exclusion will apply.
It is critical that all research activities are assessed to determine if any hardware, software, information, technology, or technical data involved or generated would void the fundamental research exclusion. The Office of Research can assist with this assessment activity.
There are certain conditions under which the performance of the actual research or export of critical technologies, including certain technical and scientific data, software or tangible items, is either prohibited by law or requires an export license or other government approval before an export may take place. The director of research compliance in the Office of Research will handle all license requests involving export control compliance with the federal government.
Examples include, but are not limited to:
The vice president for research is the empowered official of FIT. Possible violations of governmental laws and regulations will be investigated by the empowered official or officials as designated to an Office of Research (OR) official. The vice president for research has the authority to suspend or terminate research, teaching, testing or other export activity if it is determined that the activity is not in compliance or will lead to noncompliance with existing export or sanction laws or policy.
Export control laws, regulations and sanctions. Specifically, the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), as amended and enumerated in the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) 22 CFR Parts 123 – 130; the Export Administration Act (EAA) of 1979 enumerated in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 15 CFR Parts 730 through 774; the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA) (Public Law 83-703); both the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) 10 CFR Part 110 and the Department of Energy Regulations, 10 CFR Part 810 (“DEAR”); the U.S. Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanction and embargo regulations; and other applicable federal agency export control regulations.
Foreign national. Any person who is not a U.S. citizen or U.S. lawful permanent resident.
Fundamental research. For purposes of this policy, fundamental research, as defined by the EAR, ITAR and NSDD 189, means basic or applied research in science or engineering performed or conducted on campus at an accredited institution of higher learning in the U.S., where the resulting information is ordinarily published and shared broadly in the scientific community. Fundamental research is distinguished from research that results in information restricted for proprietary reasons, national security reasons or pursuant to specific U.S. government access and dissemination controls. Information or technology that results from fundamental research is not subject to export controls.
Hardware. Any article (ITAR term), item (EAR term), material, commodity or supply, except technology or software.
Permanent resident. Individuals who have permission to reside in the U.S. on a permanent basis (i.e., holders of green cards).
Principle Investigator (PI). Faculty or staff member serving as the lead researcher responsible for the administration and oversight of a grant, contract, agreement or other sponsored program.
Proprietary. Any form or type of financial, business, scientific, technical, economic or engineering information, including patterns, plans, compilations, program devices, formulas, designs, prototypes, methods, techniques, processes, procedures, programs or codes, whether tangible or intangible, and if or how stored, compiled or memorialized physically, electronically, graphically, photographically or in writing if:
Proprietary information may take such forms as trade secrets, privileged or confidential commercial or financial information, or any other information not otherwise required to be disclosed.
Office of Research (OR) Official. OR officials include the director of research compliance, director of contracts and director of Florida Tech Consulting in the Office of Research.
Software. A collection of one or more programs or microprograms fixed in any tangible medium of expression such as source code (programming statements) or object code (machine-readable instructions).
Sponsored research. All organized research and development activities sponsored by federal and non-federal agencies and organizations, including university sponsored research that are accounted for and separately budgeted.
Technology. Specific information necessary for the development, production or use of hardware or software, such as models, engineering designs, blueprints, drawings, technical assistance or other types of information whether tangible or intangible.
Unsponsored research. The performance of work that is not funded by a sponsor and that is not separately budgeted or accounted for.
All research activities that interface with sponsored programs or Florida Tech Consulting must be evaluated before commencement to determine if export controls are applicable. Sufficient time must be allowed for the OR official to review such activities and issue guidance. Key faculty, staff and administrative personnel will assist the OR official in determining applicable export control measures to regulate the export of hardware, software or technology by any means, including deemed exports. Such measures may include implementing necessary security measures (e.g., restricting access, acquiring licenses or other government approval, implementing a technology control plan).
OR officials will ensure that contracts, grants and agreements are executed in compliance with applicable export control regulations, laws, sanctions and embargoes by assisting the PI in identifying any export control, foreign national or publication restrictions in solicitations and awards inclusive of:
A Principal Investigator (PI) engaged in sponsored research or Florida Tech Consulting of any scope and duration shall, before commencement and continually thereafter, review whether or not the intended research is subject to controls or requirements contained within export regulations and, if applicable, to comply with such requirements.
The PI is responsible for overall and ongoing compliance with export control regulations throughout the duration of the research. The PI must complete training provided by the Office of Research before commencing research, as he or she is responsible for knowledge of export control regulations including EAR, ITAR and OFAC regulations. The PI must also ensure all project personnel have completed the export control training online before they begin work on the project. Online training is available at http://www.fit.edu/research/osp/#export-controls.
The principal investigator is responsible for preparing, implementing and complying with a project-specific technology control plan and any other designated security measures necessary for compliance. All technology control plans must be submitted to the Office of Research for approval. The Office of Research will assist, as needed, in the creation of a technology control plan, and has the authority to modify, return for modification, and audit technology control plans throughout the course of the project.
If, after review, it is determined the scope of the intended research does not fall within the export control regulations, the PI and researchers may commence with the research initiative unless otherwise restricted by other policies or procedures of FIT.
The release or transmission of technology or technical data including training subject to export controls to a foreign national (including graduate students, postdocs, visiting scholars, collaborators, faculty, etc.) within the U.S. is a “deemed export” and is considered an export to that person’s home country. A license may be required before the information can be released or transferred.
Examples of releases to foreign nationals include:
The OR official determines the licensing requirements involving deemed exports. If a license is required, the director of research compliance will coordinate the license application process and submit the application to the appropriate federal agency. No export can take place until the requisite license is obtained. Obtaining a license can take two to six months (or more) and the U.S. government can deny a request thereby terminating the deemed export. Deemed export reviews conducted by an OR official involving a sponsored program or Florida Tech Consulting activity will, at a minimum, require the principal investigator to submit the following information:
Faculty and staff sponsoring non-immigrant workers are responsible for complying with U.S. export and sanctions regulations in all university activities involving international collaborations or foreign exchanges, including hiring foreign persons on a permanent or temporary basis (international visitors, scholars) or allowing a volunteer to participate on a sponsored program or Florida Tech Consulting activity. Training, educational activities and technical assistance incidental to a controlled technology used in a sponsored program or Florida Tech Consulting activity requires review by the Office of Research.
Faculty and staff sponsoring a non-immigrant worker are required to furnish the Office of Research, in coordination with the Office of International Student and Scholar Services, all necessary information to perform an attestation on the Questionnaire for Sponsoring a Foreign Scholar, Scientist, Visitor or Guest. Faculty, staff, units and departments are responsible for complying with all regulatory guidelines issued by FIT regarding deemed exports in addition to all provisions issued by the U.S. government in licenses or other approvals.
It is the responsibility of the exporter to determine if the export has any license requirements before shipping any item, article, technology or technical data out of the U.S. To make this determination, the exporter needs to contact the Office of Research, who will investigate regulatory requirements and provide proper guidance. Determining license requirements of an item can be a complex and complicated process requiring proper commodity jurisdiction and classification of an item. The final determination of whether an item requires a license, qualifies for a license exemption or exception, or can be exported as “No License Required” (NLR) will be made by the OR official.
All tangible items, software code and information not on a U.S. export control list may be shipped or transmitted to any country, individual or entity that is not sanctioned, embargoed or otherwise restricted for export. If a license is required for export, the OR official will coordinate the license application process and submit the application to the appropriate federal agency. Obtaining a license can take two to six months (or more) and the U.S. government can deny a request, thereby terminating the export. No export (or deemed export) can take place until the requisite license is obtained.
Exports involving a sponsored program or Florida Tech Consulting activity will, at a minimum, require the exporter to submit the following information to the OR Official:
Travel outside the United States can require a federally-issued license, depending on the proposed destination, equipment, item(s) or data being exported (if any), the purpose of the travel, and persons, entities or countries involved in the travel. Certain sponsored programs may be subject to federal law that requires government approval or licensing before exporting equipment, research data or performing research abroad. This can include the hand carrying of items that have both commercial and military, or proliferation applications, proprietary information or items considered defense articles, even if used in an academic or research environment. Such items may include data, software or technology, blueprints, design plans, field data, equipment and retail software packages and technical information.
The director of research compliance will determine on notice of intent to export whether or not any of the equipment, items, samples or technical data or services (including training) proposed for export, in regards to a sponsored program or Florida Tech Consulting activity, require licensing or other approval or if any of the parties involved in the transaction are listed on various federal restriction lists or subject to a U.S. sanction or embargo.
Faculty and staff are required to review with the director of research compliance the various federal lists that restrict certain transactions, before engaging in a foreign collaboration, including:
The Office of Research will coordinate and facilitate the screening of potential parties to such regulated transactions in accordance with federal regulation among various departments and units. The federal screening lists are available at http://export.gov/ecr/eg_main_023148.asp and include, but are not limited to:
On positive identification of a party that appears to match a list, the Office of Research will issue regulatory guidance to comply with U.S. export control regulations, laws and sanctions. There may be a strict export prohibition, requirement for seeking a license, or evaluation of the end-use or user to ensure it does not result in an activity prohibited by any U.S. export regulation sanction or embargo.
Faculty, staff and departments are responsible for complying with all regulatory guidelines issued by the Office of Research regarding denied party/entity list and other government debarred list transactions in addition to all provisions issued by the U.S. government in licenses or other approvals.
The Office of Research will identify export controlled equipment in accordance with:
The United States imposes restrictions under various legal authorities against engaging in certain restricted trade practices and transactions that impose a boycott of Israel. Those laws discourage, 4-209 Export Control 12 and in some circumstances, prohibit U.S. companies and universities from furthering or supporting the boycott of Israel sponsored by the Arab League, and certain countries, including complying with certain requests for information designed to verify compliance with the boycott. Anti-boycott provisions are issued in 15 CFR §760.
U.S. sanctions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Controls (OFAC) regulations prohibit the university from providing material financial assistance or anything of value including services, to any blocked or sanctioned country, individual, entity or organization, including a government agency of a sanctioned country. This can involve subcontracts, international vendors or fellowship payments to a researcher in a foreign country. For example, a professional presentation, whether or not it contains materials controlled under ITAR or EAR, is deemed under OFAC to be a service and something of value provided to the recipient audience. Before agreeing to provide funding to a foreign national, personnel should contact the empowered official for assistance in identifying potential transaction restrictions.
FIT acknowledges the University of Central Florida Office of Export Control Compliance in providing access to and allowing usage of its materials on Export Control.